Transfus Apher Sci. 2019 Jun 25. pii: S1473-0502(19)30110-7. doi: 10.1016/j.transci.2019.06.017. [Epub ahead of print]
Patient blood management in obstetrics – Review.
Zdanowicz JA1, Surbek D2.
Patient blood management (PBM) aims to reduce red blood cell transfusion, minimize preoperative anemia, reduce intraoperative blood loss as well as optimize hemostasis, and individually manage postoperative anemia. Benefits include improved clinical outcome with a reduction in patient morbidity and mortality, but also lower hospital costs and shorter hospital length of stay. To date, it has been successfully implemented in several medical specialties, such as cardiac, trauma and orthopedic surgery. In obstetrics, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality. PBM has the potential to improve outcome of mother and child. However, pregnancy and childbirth pose a special challenge to PBM, and several adaptations compared to PBM in elective surgery are necessary. To date, awareness of the clinical advantages of PBM among obstetricians and midwifes regarding PBM and its concept in PPH is limited. In the following review, we therefore aim to present the current status quo in PBM in obstetrics and its challenges in the clinical routine.
KEYWORDS: Obstetrics; Patient blood management; Postpartum hemorrhage; Red blood cell transfusion